The Institute for Intelligence and Special Operations, better known simply as "the Mossad" (Heb. "the Institute), is responsible for covert activities carried out abroad to preserve the security of the State of Israel and its citizens. 

It collects Intelligence beyond Israel's borders; prevents Israel's enemies from developing and acquiring non-conventional weapons; prevents terrorists from attacking Israeli and Jewish targets abroad; develops clandestine political and other contacts abroad; brings Jews to Israel from locations where Israel's ordinary immigration institutions cannot operate; carries out special operations outside Israel's borders; supports and takes an active part in the operational and Intelligence challenges of the IDF and the security establishment; and produces operative and strategic Intelligence. The head of the Mossad answers directly to the prime minister.